Japanese Terms

Numbers: ichi 1
ni 2
san 3
shi 4
go 5
roku 6
shichi 7
hachi 8
ku (kyuu) 9
juu 10
When counting for class, just pronounce the first syllable of bisyllabic numbers (i.e., ich, rok, shich, hach), for shorter, sharper counting.

Stances:
zenkutsu-dachi -- front stance
kou-kutsu-dachi -- back stance
kiba-dachi -- horse stance / saddle stance

tsuki -- punch
oi-zuki -- lunge punch
gyaku-zuki -- reverse punch
kizami-zuki -- jab punch
nukite -- spear-hand (thrust)
ura-ken -- back hand (strike)
empi -- elbow (strike)


Leg attacks:

  keri -- kick
mae-geri -- front (snap) kick
mawashi-geri -- round house kick
(yoko-geri) kekomi -- side thrust kick
(yoko-geri) keage -- side snap kick
ushiro-geri -- back (thrust) kick

Attacking levels:

  jou-dan -- "upper level" / face
chuudan -- "middle level" / stomach / solar plexus
gedan -- "lower level" / groin


Blocks:


age-uke -- rising block
ude-uke -- "arm block", often used to mean outside block
soto-uke -- outside block (see above)
uchi-uke -- inside block
gedan barai -- down block / "lower level sweep"
shuto-uke -- knife-hand block
nagashi-uke -- "flushing block" / deflecting block
kakiwake-uke -- two-handed "separating" block
juuji-uke -- two-handed "cross" bl
ock